Welcome to the Subtraction Worksheets page at MathDrills.com where you will get less of an experience than our other pages! This page includes Subtraction worksheets on topics such as five minute frenzies, one, two, three and multidigit subtraction and subtracting across zeros.
Subtraction has been around for several years now... well maybe more than a few, so it's probably a good thing for students to learn. People experience subtraction every minute of their lives from banks and the government taking away your money to the cookies in the jar mysteriously disappearing. With a good knowledge of subtraction, you can understand why your bank account reaches zero and do something to prevent it from happening.
Some students do have difficulty with subtraction, so take it easy on them. Help them to learn their addition facts first. Once they know those, they will need a few more strategies to successfully subtract. Teaching with manipulatives like base ten blocks or cereal or insects in the park can help students gain a deeper understanding of subtraction. The subtracting worksheets on this page are meant to support good teaching practices, so only use them for independent learning if students are practising skills they already know.
We use the words, minuend, subtrahend and difference on this page. Please refer to the following, so you know which word means which part of a subtraction question.
Minuend  Subtrahend = Difference
Subtraction Facts Tables
Five minute subtraction frenzies are timed practice charts that help students develop subtraction fact recall speed. These charts are similar to the addition and multiplication frenzy charts, but due to the nature of how subtraction works, we could not focus solely on the single digit fact families. For example, you might get questions like 18  4 = 14. You also have to be aware that you must subtract the row number from the column number to get a positive number (or zero). Other than that, they should be a nice way to practice some mental subtraction. As with most of these pages, please only use them as a timed activity with students who will experience success. If a student does not have the necessary skills to complete a frenzy in under five minutes, you may need to take a different approach to how you deliver this page. For all others, students should be able to complete this page in under five minutes with a 98% or greater accuracy and improve their time as they get more practice.
Most of the subtraction tables in this section are meant to be used as a reference for students learning their subtraction facts. After a while, most students will remember the facts and recall them easily when completing math problems.
SingleDigit Subtraction Facts
Subtracting singledigit facts is a skill that students generally learn after or while they are learning singledigit addition facts. The subtraction worksheets in this section are meant to be used for practice, testing or with teacher guidance. They will not teach students how to subtract or what the connection is between addition and subtraction; for that, students require a teacher or parent.
Some students might find it easier to start with subtraction facts with minuends (the first number) limited to 9 or lower. This way, they don't need to count across 10 eliminating that extra pesky digit... for now.
In relation to addition facts, the following worksheets cover the facts from 0 to 9, and the worksheets after that cover the addition facts from 1 to 9. The minuends are the amounts to be subtracted from, so a minuend of 18 means that both the subtrahend (the amount being subtracted) and the difference will be 9. The worksheets marked with an asterisk (*) include all possible questions in a random order on each version of the worksheet.

Subtraction Facts from (0 − 0) to (18 − 9) (100* Questions) ✎ Subtraction Facts from (0 − 0) to (18 − 9) (81 Questions) ✎ Subtraction Facts from (0 − 0) to (18 − 9) (64 Questions) ✎ Subtraction Facts from (0 − 0) to (18 − 9) (50 Questions) ✎ Subtraction Facts from (0 − 0) to (18 − 9) (25 Large Print Questions) ✎ Subtraction Facts from (0 − 0) to (18 − 9) (12 Very Large Print Questions) ✎

Subtraction Facts from (2 − 1) to (18 − 9) (100 Questions) ✎ Subtraction Facts from (2 − 1) to (18 − 9) (81* Questions) ✎ Subtraction Facts from (2 − 1) to (18 − 9) (64 Questions) ✎ Subtraction Facts from (2 − 1) to (18 − 9) (50 Questions) ✎ Subtraction Facts from (2 − 1) to (18 − 9) (25 Large Print Questions) ✎ Subtraction Facts from (2 − 1) to (18 − 9) (12 Very Large Print Questions) ✎
Sometimes students just need to reinforce a single number at a time which is where these worksheets come in. There are three sets of worksheets in this section, each with a different number of questions. The last set is the most interesting as there are no questions repeated. Eleven and Twelve have been included as they are essentially subtracting by 10 and 1 or 2 more.

Subtracting 0 (50 Questions) ✎ Subtracting 1 (50 Questions) ✎ Subtracting 2 (50 Questions) ✎ Subtracting 3 (50 Questions) ✎ Subtracting 4 (50 Questions) ✎ Subtracting 5 (50 Questions) ✎ Subtracting 6 (50 Questions) ✎ Subtracting 7 (50 Questions) ✎ Subtracting 8 (50 Questions) ✎ Subtracting 9 (50 Questions) ✎ Subtracting 10 (50 Questions) ✎ Subtracting 11 (50 Questions) ✎ Subtracting 12 (50 Questions) ✎

Subtracting Zero (0) (25 Large Print Questions) ✎ Subtracting One (1) (25 Large Print Questions) ✎ Subtracting Two (2) (25 Large Print Questions) ✎ Subtracting Three (3) (25 Large Print Questions) ✎ Subtracting Four (4) (25 Large Print Questions) ✎ Subtracting Five (5) (25 Large Print Questions) ✎ Subtracting Six (6) (25 Large Print Questions) ✎ Subtracting Seven (7) (25 Large Print Questions) ✎ Subtracting Eight (8) (25 Large Print Questions) ✎ Subtracting Nine (9) (25 Large Print Questions) ✎

Subtracting One (1) with Differences 0 to 99 (100 Unique Questions) ✎ Subtracting Two (2) with Differences 0 to 99 (100 Unique Questions) ✎ Subtracting Three (3) with Differences 0 to 99 (100 Unique Questions) ✎ Subtracting Four (4) with Differences 0 to 99 (100 Unique Questions) ✎ Subtracting Five (5) with Differences 0 to 99 (100 Unique Questions) ✎ Subtracting Six (6) with Differences 0 to 99 (100 Unique Questions) ✎ Subtracting Seven (7) with Differences 0 to 99 (100 Unique Questions) ✎ Subtracting Eight (8) with Differences 0 to 99 (100 Unique Questions) ✎ Subtracting Nine (9) with Differences 0 to 99 (100 Unique Questions) ✎ Subtracting Ten (10) with Differences 0 to 99 (100 Unique Questions) ✎ Subtracting Eleven (11) with Differences 0 to 99 (100 Unique Questions) ✎ Subtracting Twelve (12) with Differences 0 to 99 (100 Unique Questions) ✎

Horizontal Subtracting 0s (100 per page) ✎ Horizontal Subtracting 1s (100 per page) ✎ Horizontal Subtracting 2s (100 per page) ✎ Horizontal Subtracting 3s (100 per page) ✎ Horizontal Subtracting 4s (100 per page) ✎ Horizontal Subtracting 5s (100 per page) ✎ Horizontal Subtracting 6s (100 per page) ✎ Horizontal Subtracting 7s (100 per page) ✎ Horizontal Subtracting 8s (100 per page) ✎ Horizontal Subtracting 9s (100 per page) ✎
The make ten subtraction strategy involves "spliting" the subtrahend (amount being subtracted) into two parts. The first part should be the exact amount that will reduce the minuend (the first number) to ten (or multiple of ten as the case may be) and the second part is the leftover amount. The strategy helps students internalize a mental strategy for subtracting across tens. For example, with the question 15  9, students first recognize that they need to subtract 5 to get 10, so they split the 9 into 5 and 4. Subtracting 5 from 15 results in 10 and subtracting 4 more results in 6, so 15  9 = 6. This strategy can be used any time students need to subtract "over" a multiple of ten and there are many worksheets in this section to practice it. For example, subtracting 84  8, students recognize that they must subtract 4 from 84 to get 80 which leaves 4 more to subtract from 80 to get 76.

Make 10 Subtraction Strategy Make 20 Subtraction Strategy Make 30 Subtraction Strategy Make 40 Subtraction Strategy Make 50 Subtraction Strategy Make 60 Subtraction Strategy Make 70 Subtraction Strategy Make 80 Subtraction Strategy Make 90 Subtraction Strategy Make Multiples of 10 Subtraction Strategy
Long Subtraction Worksheets
Try teaching a mental math strategy for subtraction called counting up. Here is how it is done:
Start with the second number (the subtrahend) and count up by tens until you find the closest value to the first number (the minuend). Keep track of how many tens you counted. Add or subtract a single digit number to get the minuend exactly then adjust the tens by that amount. For the question, 84  35, start at 35, and count, 45, 55, 65, 75, 85 (five tens) and one down to get 84. Five tens minus one is 49. For the question 65  22, start at 22 and count, 32, 42, 52, 62 (four tens) and three up to get 65. Four tens and three is 43. The previous examples used twodigit numbers, but the strategy can swiftly be modified for larger numbers. How far can your students go with it? Here is an example with threedigit numbers:
Let's use the question 927  648. First, count up by hundreds to 948 (that's 300). Then count down by tens to 928 (that's 20). Finally count down by ones to 927 (that's one). 300  20  1 = 279. That's almost easier than adding!
The multidigit or long subtraction worksheets in the first part of this section are classic long subtraction worksheets with randomly generated numbers. Regrouping should be necessary about half of the time. Versions with ALL regrouping and NO regrouping follow. If you would like to see numbers with thousands separators, look a little further down and choose the appropriate version for your location.

Subtracting 1Digit from 2Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 2Digit from 2Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 1Digit from 3Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 2Digit from 3Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 3Digit from 3Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 1 to 3Digit from 1 to 3Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 3Digit from 4Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping (Large Print) ✎

Subtracting 4Digit from 4Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 4Digit from 5Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 5Digit from 5Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 5Digit from 6Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 6Digit from 6Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 6Digit from 7Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 7Digit from 7Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 7Digit from 8Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 8Digit from 8Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 8Digit from 9Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 9Digit from 9Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping ✎

Subtracting 4Digit from 4Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 4Digit from 5Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 5Digit from 5Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 5Digit from 6Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 6Digit from 6Digit Numbers with Some Regrouping (Large Print) ✎
For students who need a little extra help with lining things up, these long subtraction worksheets have the digits spaced farther apart on a grid. The answer keys also show the carrying values to help diagnose where things went wrong (but hopefully they won't).

2Digit Minus 2Digit Subtraction With Grid Support 3Digit Minus 2Digit Subtraction With Grid Support 3Digit Minus 3Digit Subtraction With Grid Support 4Digit Minus 3Digit Subtraction With Grid Support 4Digit Minus 4Digit Subtraction With Grid Support 5Digit Minus 4Digit Subtraction With Grid Support 5Digit Minus 5Digit Subtraction With Grid Support 6Digit Minus 5Digit Subtraction With Grid Support 6Digit Minus 6Digit Subtraction With Grid Support 2 to 4Digit Minus 2 to 4Digit Subtraction With Grid Support 3 to 6Digit Minus 3 to 6Digit Subtraction With Grid Support
The next long subtraction worksheets include questions that require regrouping at every step. They can be frustrating and difficult for students who are not familiar with the concept of subtraction. Try showing them with base ten blocks how regrouping works.
Some students require a little extra help when learning to subtract large numbers. These subtraction worksheets include questions where the regrouping step has been eliminated. This might help students learn a subtraction algorithm before learning about regrouping.

Subtracting 2Digit from 2Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 2Digit from 3Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 3Digit from 3Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 2Digit from 4Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 3Digit from 4Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping ✎

Subtracting 2Digit from 2Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 2Digit from 3Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 3Digit from 3Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 2Digit from 4Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Large Print) ✎ Subtracting 3Digit from 4Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Large Print) ✎

Subtracting 4Digit from 4Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 5Digit from 5Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 6Digit from 6Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 7Digit from 7Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 8Digit from 8Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping ✎ Subtracting 9Digit from 9Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping ✎
Why horizontal subtraction worksheets? Students can show their understanding of place value and number sense if they do not already have the numbers lined up. Vertical subtraction is often learned based on a student's understanding of singledigit subtraction, but looking at the whole number is lost in the algorithm.
Many students in Englishspeaking countries are used to seeing numbers with commaseparated thousands.

Subtracting 2Digit from 4Digit Numbers (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 3Digit from 4Digit Numbers (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 4Digit from 4Digit Numbers (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 2Digit from 5Digit Numbers (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 3Digit from 5Digit Numbers (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 4Digit from 5Digit Numbers (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 5Digit from 5Digit Numbers (Comma Separated) ✎ Mixture of MultiDigit Subtraction from 2 to 4 digits (Comma Separated) ✎ Mixture of MultiDigit Subtraction from 2 to 5 digits (Comma Separated) ✎

Subtracting 4Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 5Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 6Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 7Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 8Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Comma Separated) ✎

Subtracting 5Digit from 5Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 6Digit from 6Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 7Digit from 7Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 8Digit from 8Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Comma Separated) ✎ Subtracting 9Digit from 9Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Comma Separated) ✎
Spaceseparated thousands are becoming more widely used, including in the United States. Canadian students have used both comma separated and space separated thousands for many years.

Subtracting 2Digit from 4Digit Numbers (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 3Digit from 4Digit Numbers (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 4Digit from 4Digit Numbers (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 2Digit from 5Digit Numbers (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 3Digit from 5Digit Numbers (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 4Digit from 5Digit Numbers (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 5Digit from 5Digit Numbers (Space Separated) ✎ Mixture of MultiDigit Subtraction from 2 to 4 digits (Space Separated) ✎ Mixture of MultiDigit Subtraction from 2 to 5 digits (Space Separated) ✎

Subtracting 4Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 5Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 6Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 7Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 8Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Space Separated) ✎

Subtracting 5Digit from 5Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 6Digit from 6Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 7Digit from 7Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 8Digit from 8Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Space Separated) ✎ Subtracting 9Digit from 9Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Space Separated) ✎
Even though period separated thousands are not common in the Englishspeaking world, we provide these for our friends in other countries who may find them useful.

Subtracting 2Digit from 4Digit Numbers (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 3Digit from 4Digit Numbers (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 4Digit from 4Digit Numbers (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 2Digit from 5Digit Numbers (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 3Digit from 5Digit Numbers (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 4Digit from 5Digit Numbers (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 5Digit from 5Digit Numbers (Period Separated) ✎ Mixture of MultiDigit Subtraction from 2 to 4 digits (Period Separated) ✎ Mixture of MultiDigit Subtraction from 2 to 5 digits (Period Separated) ✎

Subtracting 4Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 5Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 6Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 7Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 8Digit Numbers with ALL Regrouping (Period Separated) ✎

Subtracting 5Digit from 5Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 6Digit from 6Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 7Digit from 7Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 8Digit from 8Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Period Separated) ✎ Subtracting 9Digit from 9Digit Numbers with NO Regrouping (Period Separated) ✎
Various Other Long Subtraction Worksheets
Generally, a student would not regroup to determine the complements of 10, 100, 1000, etc. One strategy that could be used is as follows: working from left to right, a student would take each digit in the subtrahend and figure out its nines complement. If the digit was 3, for example, the nines complement of 3 is 6. For the last digit (ones), the student would use the tens complement. For example, a typical question is 1000  456. The nines complement of 4 is 5, the nines complement of 5 is 4 and the tens complement of 6 is 4. Putting it all together, the student would get 5 4 4 or 544 = 1000  456.
A similar strategy is employed with the next worksheets except students must adapt to calculating the largest place value number.

Subtracting from multiples of 10 Subtracting from multiples of 100 Subtracting from multiples of 1000 Subtracting from multiples of 10000 Subtracting from a mixture of multiples of 100 and 1000 Subtracting from a mixture of multiples of 1000 and 10000 Subtracting from a mixture of multiples of 100, 1000 and 10000
These worksheets are meant to give students practice dealing with 0's in the middles of subtraction questions. Whether using pencil and paper or mental arithmetic, it is always a good idea to make sure students know what to do when they encounter zeros.
Subtracting numbers in number systems other than decimal numbers including binary, quaternary, octal, duodecimal and hexadecimal numbers.

Subtracting Binary Numbers (Base 2) Subtracting Ternary Numbers (Base 3) Subtracting Quaternary Numbers (Base 4) Subtracting Quinary Numbers (Base 5) Subtracting Senary Numbers (Base 6) Subtracting Octal Numbers (Base 8) Subtracting Duodecimal Numbers (Base 12) Subtracting Hexadecimal Numbers (Base 16) Subtracting Vigesimal Numbers (Base 20) Subtracting Hexatrigesimal Numbers (Base 36) Subtracting Various Numbers (Various Bases)